Molding and trim is familiar to most of us as is a panel door
By: Roger King
Decorative trim gives a room a finished appearance. Installation is fairly easy, and material is reasonably priced. An enormous variety of stock and specialty trim exists in a wide range of materials, such as wood, plastic, and fiberglass.
From the ceiling to the floor, shaped trim called molding is used on most parts of the wall. The cornice is placed at the top, where the wall meets the ceiling. Molding for cornices comes in two main types: dramatic crown molding that is frequently combined with other molding styles for an opulent look of the simpier cove molding that eliminates the ceiling line but doesn’t stand out.
A chair rail is placed on a wall. Around the room, 30 to 35 inches from the floor and is often used in conjunction with a wainscot or dado paneling on the lower portion of the wall. Base molding give the floor line a higher profile and can be as elaborate or simple as you like.
Window and door trim, called casing, is necessary to seal the gap between the jambs and wall. Most of the molding profiles in use today have been around for centuries.